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CBD vs THC : What Are The Differences?

Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are two natural compounds found in plants of the Cannabis genus. CBD can be extracted from hemp or cannabis. Legal hemp must contain 0.3 percent THC or less. CBD is sold as gels, gummies, oils, supplements, enhancements, and many more.

THC is the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis that delivers a high sensation. It’s likewise available in oils, edibles, capsules, tinctures, and many more. Both the compounds have different impacts on the body on interaction with the human body. Let us look at the major differences between CBD vs THC.

Interesting Reads: How To Incorporate CBD Into Your Fitness Routine

CBD vs THC: Major Differences

Check the major differences between CBD and THC:

CBD vs THC: Chemical Structure

THC and CBD have the same molecular structure: 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and 2 oxygen molecules. There is a minor difference in the organization of the particles which leads to different effects on your body. Both the compounds interact with the cannabinoid receptors. The interaction facilitates the release of neurotransmitters in the brain. Neurotransmitters are chemical compounds responsible for transmitting messages between cells.

CBD vs THC: Psychoactive Component

Although both CBD and THC have similar chemical structures only THC produces the psychoactive effect (getting high).CBD is psychoactive but doesn’t produce the high. CBD helps in treating numerous health issues such as anxiety, depression, and seizures. THC binds with the (CB1) receptors present in the brain and as a result, produces a high or feeling of euphoria

CBD does not bind strongly to CB1 receptors. It requires THC to bind to the CB1 receptor and, thus, helps in decreasing a portion of the undesirable psychoactive impacts of THC, like euphoria or sedation.

CBD vs THC: Medical Benefits

CBG Tincture

CBD and THC have a large number of medical benefits. However, CBD doesn’t cause the euphoric effects that occur when you take THC. A few groups may like to use CBD on account of the absence of this result. In June 2018, Epidiolex was approved by  FDA, the first prescription medication which consists of CBD to treat difficult to treat forms of epilepsy.

CBD is used to treat the different health conditions listed below:

  • Seizures
  • Inflammation
  • Pain
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD)
  • Nausea
  • Depression
  • Migraine
  • Anxiety

THC is used to treat various health conditions listed below:

  • Pain
  • Glaucoma
  • Nausea
  • Anxiety
  • Low Appetite
  • Insomnia
  • Muscle Spasticity

CBD vs THC: Legality

While choosing products containing CBD or THC, it is likewise essential to consider their legality. Both CBD and THC are included in the U.S. Controlled Substances Act, which implies that they are not legal under federal law. As of July 2020, 33 states and Washington, D.C. have passed cannabis-related laws making medical cannabis with high levels of THC legal. A few states additionally permit the recreational use of cannabis and THC-containing products.

Despite the fact that CBD in certain forms is legal in many states, the points of the legality of THC or CBD products can vary from one state to another.

CBD vs THC: Side Effects

Different side effects are associated with both CBD and THC. Check the side effects related to both THC and CBD listed below:

THC causes temporary side effects such as:

  • Dry Mouth
  • Red Eyes
  • Emotional Stress
  • Memory Loss
  • Increased Heart Rate
  • Coordination Problems

The side effects caused by CBD include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight Loss
  • Dizziness
  • Diarrhea
  • Change in Appetite

While CBD can be derived from hemp or cannabis, it is frequently derived from hemp to avoid the addition of a huge amount of THC. THC, on the other hand, is derived from cannabis. CBD derived from marijuana consists of a huge amount of THC, which may not be ideal for individuals who are trying to avoid THC. Some CBD products that are derived from cannabis, for instance, may contain more THC than mentioned on the label.

Final Thoughts

CBD and THC both have medical benefits. They both are considered safe, yet think about side effects and interactions with different medications you’re taking. Talk to your doctor or certified cannabis or CBD specialist before use and in case if you have any questions.

Interesting Reads:

CBD For Weight Loss: Everything You Need To Know

What is CBDA: CBDA vs CBD


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