CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a naturally-occurring cannabinoid that’s found within cannabis plants. As one of over hundreds of complex compounds that make up the composition of hemp plants, CBD is nonpsychoactive and offers comprehensive medicinal potential.
We proudly share all the basics of CBD and the compelling science behind it.
CBD was actually first discovered in 1940 by Dr. Roger Adams during his time at the University of Illinois. Although Dr. Adams was the first scientist to successfully extract CBD from the cannabis plant, he wasn’t aware of this accomplishment for several years. Dr. Walter S. Lowe began initial research on the effects of CBD on animals in 1946. This research concluded that CBD had no mind-altering effects, unlike its more popularly known cousin THC.
Due to the popular recreational use of cannabis in the United Kingdom and other Western countries, cannabis research continued in the mid-1960s to early 1970s. However, THC research dominated all cannabis studies at this time.
CBD gained momentum as it became the focus of cannabinoid research in 1998 when British pharmaceutical company GW Pharmaceuticals gained licensing in order to cultivate cannabis for their clinical trials. Geoffrey Guy, the co-founder of GW Pharmaceuticals, decided to test his theory that cannabis with high CBD content could provide a significant medical application in creating a cannabis-derived pharmaceutical with no mind-altering effects. Guy hypothesized that the CBD compound had therapeutic value and could potentially counteract the psychoactivity of THC.
The bulk of the existing CBD research available today is still in the preclinical phase. Since the 2018 Farm Bill, most states now have their own hemp cultivation programs or are planning on launching their programs this year. While the available preclinical and anecdotal data has been overwhelmingly positive, significant strides in clinical research need to be completed in order to make conclusive statements regarding CBD’s therapeutic value and potential medical applications.